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An overview of the LM microscope adapters
We offer LM digital adapter solutions for the following microscopes
Online configurator: LM microscope adapter for all digital cameras and microscopes
LM Macroscope 24x (15x and 11x) for Focus Stacking: Highest resolution without compromise
LM Macroscope 9x (5x and 3x) for Focus Stacking: Highest resolution without compromise
LM photo microscopes: the flexible photography solution for large sensor cameras!
Special mounting medium for microscopy, non toxic,water solved,light hardening,fast solidifying and drying,neutraldoes not make air bubbles,high optical solution,color protecting,solvent free,high refractive index
Micro Tech Lab advisory service: microscopy, digital cameras, high quality photo
Microscope Digital Cameras: Camera ranking for microscopy use

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The dynamic range

In digital photography, the dynamic range or contrast ratio is a major parameter influencing the image quality of a sensor. The higher the dynamic range that a camera can record, the more natural and detailed are the images captured. Colours will appear vibrant, with a high level of contrast. Of note, the price of a camera is no indicator for the image quality it delivers. In terms of dynamic range, all-round DSLRs can easily match expensive special-purpose microscope cameras and in most cases even outperform them.

In photography, dynamic range means the ratio of luminance between the darkest and the lightest points in an image. If, for example, a white point in the image is 3,000 times lighter than a black point, the contrast is 3,000:1. Typical camera systems have a ratio of 3,000:1. The higher the dynamic range, the more capable a camera is of differentiating various levels of luminance.

Dynamic range human eye vs. dynamic range camera sensor:

As a rule, the specimen (object) has a much wider dynamic range than the camera system, which means that when a picture is taken, a lot of image detail is inevitably lost. It goes without saying that the human eye – with an average dynamic range of 17,000,000:1 (!) – is vastly superior to any camera because the mechanism of commodation enables the eye to optimally adapt to the respective lighting conditions (e.g. dark room or bright surroundings and daylight). This is also one reason why images seen through the eyepiece of a microscope appear more beautiful than when viewed later in a photograph.

Bit Precision of analog/digital Converter dynamic ratio
8 256:1
10 1.024:1
12 4.096:1
14 16.384:1
16 65.536:1

The dynamic range is commonly represented as a ratio or in aperture stops (f-stops).

Comparison of some current cameras:

DSLR/Microscope camera aperture stop dynamic ratio
DSLR Nikon D800 14,4 21.619:1
DSLR Canon EOS 700D 11,2 2.353:1
DSLR Canon EOS 7D 11,7 3.327:1
DSLR Canon EOS 650D 11,2 2.353:1
DSLR Nikon D7000 13,9 15.287:1
DSLR Nikon D5300 13,9 15.287:1
DSLR Canon EOS 70D 11,6 3.104:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Zeiss AxioCam MRc5 10,4 1.300:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Leica DMC2900 9,2 600:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Leica DFC295 9,2 600:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Leica DFC290 HD 9,2 600:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Leica DFC345 FX 10,0 1000:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Leica DFC450 9,9 900:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Leica DFC450 C 9,9 900:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Leica DFC495 9,6 800:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Nikon DS-Fi1c 10,0 1.000:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Nikon DS-Vi1 9,2 600:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Leica DFC3000 G 9,9 900:1
Mikroskop Spezialkamera Leica DFC365 FX 11,5 2.818:1


In the case of stationary specimens, the HDR (high dynamic range) feature makes it possible to increase the dynamic range by taking multiple shots at different exposures which are then merged into one image. The HDR feature is either included in the camera’s software, or the images can be post-processed on a computer using special software. HDR imaging produces significantly brighter, more detailed photographs with a much higher dynamic range.

HDR doesn’t work very well for moving objects. Since there is always some time lapse between the different exposures, the individual images cannot be perfectly aligned afterwards.


New LM Digital Adapter for:

Nikon D850 / Sony Alpha 7III / Sony Alpha 9 / Nikon D5 / Sony Alpha 7S II / Sony Alpha 7R II / Sony Alpha 7R III / Sony Alpha 7S / Canon EOS 5D Mark IV / Nikon D750 / Canon EOS 6D Mark II / Sony Alpha 6300 / Sony Alpha 6500 / Nikon D500 / Canon EOS 1D X / Nikon D810 / Nikon D4s / Nikon D800 / Nikon D800E / Nikon D4 / Nikon Df / Nikon D610 / Nikon D600 / Canon EOS 6D / Canon EOS 5DS R ( without low-pass filter) / Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II / Canon EOS 80D / Canon EOS 5DS / Sony Alpha 77 II / Canon EOS 70D / Nikon D7200 / Canon EOS 200D / Canon EOS 800D / Rebel T7i / Canon EOS 77D / Canon EOS 5D Mark III / Canon EOS 60D / Sony Alpha 7R / Sony Alpha 7 / Nikon DS-Qi2 (Microscope Camera) / Nikon D3x / Olympus OM-D E-M1 / Nikon D3S / Canon EOS 750D / Rebel T6i / Canon EOS 760D / Rebel T6s / Canon EOS 5D Mark II / Nikon D7100 / Pentax K-5 / Canon EOS 1D Mark IV / Nikon D7000 / Canon EOS 7D Mark II / Canon EOS 600D / Rebel T3i / Canon EOS 650D / Rebel T4i / Canon EOS 700D / Rebel T5i / Canon EOS 2000D / Rebel T7 / Canon EOS 7D / Canon EOS 550D / Rebel T2i / Kiss X4 Digital / Canon EOS 1300D / EOS Rebel T6 / Canon EOS 4000D / Canon EOS 100D / Nikon DS-Ri2 (Microscope Camera) / Canon EOS 50D / Canon EOS 1200D / EOS Rebel T5 / EOS Kiss X70 / Canon EOS 1100D / Rebel T3 / Olympus E-5 / Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH4 / Canon EOS 1D Mark III / Canon EOS 40D / Canon EOS 60Da for astrophotography / Sony SLT-A99 / Sony Alpha 7II / Pentax K-3 II / Olympus E-3 / Olympus E-30 / Olympus E-620 / Sony Alpha 6000 / Pentax K-500 / Canon EOS M100 / Canon EOS M6 / Nikon D700 / Nikon D3 / Canon EOS M5 / Sony Alpha 77V / Canon EOS 1000D / Digital Rebel XS / Sony Alpha 580 / Sony Alpha 5100 / Canon EOS 1Ds Mark III / Sony Alpha 5000 / Pentax K-S2 / Pentax K-r / Sony Alpha 55 / Olympus Pen E-PL7 / Olympus OM-D E-M5 / Olympus OM-D E-M10 / Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX7 / Pentax K-5 II / Pentax K-5 IIs / Pentax K-3 / Sony Alpha 33 / Nikon D5500 / Nikon D5200 / Nikon D5300 / Pentax K-50 / Pentax K-S1 / Sony Alpha 35 / Pentax K-x / Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH3 / Panasonic Lumix DC-GH5 / Sony NEX-7 / Canon EOS M3 / Canon EOS 500D / Digital Rebel T1i / Sony NEX-6 / Sony Alpha 57 / Sony Alpha 37 / Sony NEX-5N / Olympus E-330 / Nikon D300 / Sony NEX-C3 / Sony NEX-F3 / Olympus E-520 / Canon EOS 450D / Digital Rebel XSi / Olympus E-420 / Olympus E-450 / Sony NEX-5 / Canon EOS M / Sony NEX-3 / Nikon D3400 / Nikon D5100 / Olympus E-510 / Olympus E-410 / Olympus Pen E-PL8 / Sony Alpha 65V / Sony Alpha 700 / Sony Alpha 850 / Fujifilm X-T1 / Fujifilm X-E1 / Fujifilm X-E2 / Fujifilm X-Pro1 / Nikon D3200 / Sony Alpha 900 / Nikon D300S / Pentax K-7 / Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH2 / Samsung NX1000 / Panasonic Lumix DMC-GX1 / Canon EOS 5D / Sony NEX VG10 / Panasonic Lumix DMC-GF5 / Panasonic Lumix DMC-G2 / Sony Alpha 3000 / Nikon D3100 / Panasonic Lumix DMC-GH1 /

Related Links
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LM adapter solution for older Zeiss standard microscopes without photo tube
Improved picture quality through mirror lock-up in SLR cameras
Using HD / UHD / 4k / 6k components in microphotography
Camera recommendation for microscopy application
Focus stacking with our LM macroscopes and LM photo microscopes
Which camera types are of interest for use in microscopy?
A useful item battery adapters for DSLR cameras
Cleaning and maintenance of LM DSLR adapters
Sensor heating in Nikon DSLR cameras in Live View mode
Practical Test: Nikon D800
The Nikon D810 full frame camera in microscopy
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Testing report: Nikon D7000 in microscopy applications
PC remote control of the Nikon Coolpix digital camera in microscopy
Controlling Olympus digital SLR cameras from your PC with the OLYMPUS Studio 2 software
An overview of the LM microscope adapters
Improving the quality of your microscope images
Using a tablet (Toshiba runnin Windows 8.1.) for photomicrography
Canon Utility Software 3


High-end intermediate optics for connecting microscopes to:
  • digital SLR cameras
  • digital mirrorless system cameras with an interchangeable lens mount
  • c-mount-, USB- and firewire cameras
  • digital compact cameras and camcorders
[Further information amd prices]
Which digital camera works best on a microscope?
LM Makroskop 16x Convert your digital SLR camera into a professional microscope
Special mounting media  for microscopy

Tips and tricks to connect your digital camera and to process digital images


 Demo Pictures

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