Micro Tech Lab Professional solutions for digital micro and macro photography
Products Reviews & buying guide Contact Order Sitemap References

 

An overview of the LM microscope adapters
We offer LM digital adapter solutions for the following microscopes
Online configurator: LM microscope adapter for all digital cameras and microscopes
LM Macroscope 24x (15x and 11x) for Focus Stacking: Highest resolution without compromise
LM Macroscope 9x (5x and 3x) for Focus Stacking: Highest resolution without compromise
LM photo microscopes: the flexible photography solution for large sensor cameras!
Special mounting medium for microscopy, non toxic,water solved,light hardening,fast solidifying and drying,neutraldoes not make air bubbles,high optical solution,color protecting,solvent free,high refractive index
Micro Tech Lab advisory service: microscopy, digital cameras, high quality photo
Microscope Digital Cameras: Camera ranking for microscopy use

Folge Micro_Tech_Lab auf Facebook Folge Micro_Tech_Lab auf Twitter       35

Are normal stereo microscopes suitable for high-quality photographic documentation?

95% of all stereo microscopes are designed either according to the Greenough principle or the telescope principle (Abbe principle). They deliver good to very good results on visual inspection. If, however, digital camera equipment is mounted onto a conventional stereo microscope, more often than not the quality of the images is disappointing. Especially in the case of the Greenough principle, the difference between the visual perception of the image quality and the image itself is particularly pronounced. How does such a difference arise? Is the human eye superior to the camera?


To answer this question we need to go into more detail.

The Greenough principle:
Greenough-type stereo microscopes have two completely separate optical paths. They strike the object with a difference in angle of 15º, which is created by two lenses situated in a common mount. The human brain is able to generate a three-dimensional image through the optical path and the angular offset. If you close one eye and look again through the microscope, you can see that only the centre of the image is optimally focussed. To the left and right of the centre, the image is either under- or overfocussed – in other words, there is a marked fuzziness. This effect is especially evident with planar objects, such as histological sections, geological stone sections or flat electronic components. The larger the optical path angle, the stronger the described effect. Optical systems have only a limited depth of field as a result of their physical characteristics. With Greenough stereo microscopes, structures are only depicted with optimum focus over a narrow area. This area shrinks with increasing magnification of the microscope. As the rays always hit the object at a fixed angle of 15º, there is always a sharpness gradient over the entire image field.




 

The image quality of the photographic documentation of planar objects can be improved by using a simple trick: The angular offset can be balanced out by tilting the object plane by 7.5°. This should cause the sample to be positioned at right angles to the optical path.
 





The telescope principle:
 
“Telescope style” (Abbe principle) stereo microscopes are more flexible than the Greenough-type microscopes described above. With this design there is no double lens; instead, the microscope has only one lens with a large diameter through which the optical paths run for both the left and the right eye. There is no real three-dimensional impression upon visual inspection through the common main lens, as there is with the Greenough instruments. This is particularly disadvantageous when working under the microscope, e.g. with specimens. The flaw in this system lies in the course of the optical path into the lens. As only one common lens is used, the lens edge must be used to generate the image. The intermediate image is at an infinite distance. The central, high-quality area of the lens unfortunately remains unused. However, due to its physical characteristics, the central part of the lens exhibits fewer optical errors than its edge. In photographic documentation, only a moderate image quality is achieved; nevertheless, this kind of microscope is better suited to microphotography than the Greenough microscope.





Conclusion: Stereo microscopes designed according to the more expensive telescope principle are indeed better suited than Greenough microscopes for high-level photographic documentation with film or digital cameras, but they, too, do not deliver optimum results.

All major manufacturers offer specific solutions for micro and macro photography. These instruments, however, tend to fall into the higher price bracket, starting from € 10,000.

The LM macroscopes with parallax-free, centric optical path and high-quality precision optics are replacing all conventional stereomicroscopes with parallel, non-centric optical paths in photographic documentation.

Convert your digital SLR camera into a professional microscope

[Further information and prices]


New LM Digital Adapter for:

Nikon D850 / Sony Alpha 7III / Sony Alpha 9 / Nikon D5 / Sony Alpha 7S II / Sony Alpha 7R II / Sony Alpha 7R III / Sony Alpha 7S / Canon EOS 5D Mark IV / Nikon D750 / Canon EOS 6D Mark II / Sony Alpha 6300 / Sony Alpha 6500 / Nikon D500 / Canon EOS 1D X / Nikon D810 / Nikon D4s / Nikon D800 / Nikon D800E / Nikon D4 / Nikon Df / Nikon D610 / Nikon D600 / Canon EOS 6D / Canon EOS 5DS R ( without low-pass filter) / Olympus OM-D E-M1 Mark II / Canon EOS 80D / Canon EOS 5DS / Sony Alpha 77 II / Canon EOS 70D / Nikon D7200 / Canon EOS 200D / Canon EOS 800D / Rebel T7i / Canon EOS 77D / Canon EOS 5D Mark III / Canon EOS 60D / Sony Alpha 7R / Sony Alpha 7 / Nikon DS-Qi2 (Microscope Camera) / Nikon D3x / Olympus OM-D E-M1 /

Related Links
Controlling Sony Alpha cameras remotely in Live View mode from a tablet or smartphone: Sony’s PlayMemories Mobile app
The Alpha 6500 is another top-end system camera from Sony that performs impressively on the microscope
A comparison of CCD and CMOS sensors
Switching cameras made easy with the LM microscope adapter – just change the camera connection
The Pentax K-5 IIs DSLR camera tested on a microscope
Practical Test: Nikon D800
Testing report: Canon EOS 5D Mark III
The Nikon Eclipse E200 educational microscope a cost-effective approach to producing successful images
Professional camera with full-frame sensor Leica M10 on the microscope
LM photo microscope for C-mount camera
Microscope Digital Cameras: Camera ranking for microscopy use
PC remote control of the Nikon Coolpix digital camera in microscopy
Controlling Olympus digital SLR cameras from your PC with the OLYMPUS Studio 2 software
An overview of the LM microscope adapters
Improved picture quality through mirror lock-up in SLR cameras
Using HD / UHD / 4k / 6k components in microphotography
Improving the quality of your microscope images
Customised adapter solutions: microscope adapters, photo microscopes, photo macroscopes
LM photo microscope with Nikon C-mount camera DS-Fi2 and control panel DS-L3 for measurement tasks, long-term studies and lengthy observations
LM adapter solution for older Zeiss standard microscopes without photo tube
Preparing Zeiss SteREO Discovery microscopes (.V8, .V12,.V20) for microphotography
First-class microscopy images with Nikon Eclipse 55i / 50i and LM digital adapters
Micro Tech Lab advisory service: microscopy, digital cameras, high quality photo

 

High-end intermediate optics for connecting microscopes to:
  • digital SLR cameras
  • digital mirrorless system cameras with an interchangeable lens mount
  • c-mount-, USB- and firewire cameras
  • digital compact cameras and camcorders
[Further information amd prices]
 
Which digital camera works best on a microscope?
LM Makroskop 16x Convert your digital SLR camera into a professional microscope
Special mounting media  for microscopy

Tips and tricks to connect your digital camera and to process digital images
wing_drosophila

 

 Demo Pictures

 
© 1999-2018 MICRO TECH LAB. All rights reserved / Legal notice / Privacy policy / Newsletter / Press
 
--